If you transport certain hazardous material, you probably need to implement a security plan. Many oil and gas operators are already familiar with the U.S. Coast Guard Maritime Transportation Security Act (MTSA) and DHS Chemical Facility Anti-Terrorism Standards (CFATS), but many are not familiar with the U.S. Department of Transportation’s (DOT) Pipeline and Hazardous Materials Safety Administration (PHMSA) HAZMAT Site Security Plan requirements (49 CFR Part 172.800). The rule took effect in September 2003 and requires companies that transport hazardous material to establish a written security plan. The regulation also requires specific security training requirements for HAZMAT drivers and HAZMAT employees.
Security Plan Requirements
The security plan must include an assessment of the transportation security risk for HAZMAT shipments, including site-specific and location-specific risks associated with the facilities at which the materials are prepared for transport, stored, or unloaded incident to movement, and appropriate measures to address the assessed risks. At a minimum, the security plan must include the following elements:
- Personnel security;
- Unauthorized access;
- En route security;
- Identification by job title the senior management official responsible for the development and implementation of the security plan;
- Security duties for each position or department responsible for implementing the plan; and
- A plan for training HAZMAT employees.
The regulation requires the company/facility to ensure that each of its hazmat employees receive security awareness training as well as in-depth security training.
For more information of the DOT regulation, click here.